DNA from a 40,000-year-old human finger bone found in a Siberian cave points to a new lineage of ancient human. The find—the first made with genetic, not fossil evidence—suggests that Central Asia was occupied at that time not only by Neanderthals and Homo sapiens but also by a third, previously unknown hominin lineage.
“X-woman”, as the creature has been named, last shared an ancestor with humans and Neanderthals about 1 million years ago but is different from both species. She lived as recently as 30,000 ago.
So this picture is now wrong: